Many years ago I worked on an art project creating a book and I really enjoyed the process of bookbinding. I am going to look into the process again and perhaps look into replicating them into smaller prop versions.
Saddle-Stitching is a more cost effective and simple method of binding so long as you have the tools. A stapler made for saddle would be used to staple together folded pages.
Perfect Binding is the most common form used for books as pages would be folded in sections or ‘signatures’ that are glued with a wrap-around printed cover into the spine.
PUR Perfect Binding uses the same technique but with stronger adhesive for perhaps stronger hardback books.
Section Sewn is said to be the most secure method of binding, using the folded pages in sections as previously mentioned. Each however this time being sewn into the next section on the spines. The spine then being glued and cover attached.
Wire or Spiral Binding is a well known method of bookbind using holes punched through the paper held together with coils of wire or plastic.
Cased-in Wiro Binding uses a developed technique to hide the wire binding in a cover.
Pamphlet Binding has a single section sewn down the spine with a running stitch.
Coptic Binding is an older form of binding, sewn through the folds of paper attached to one another. Sewn chain lik3 across the spine.
Japanese Binding can bind together single sheets of paper with soft of hard covers that would attached to text block with decorative stitching on the spine.
Screw-Post Binding there are 3 methods of binding that use screws. First being pages held together with screws between board covers. Second would be a hard case that opens, with the pages screwed to the back. The third method hides the screws from the outside by folding in the edge of cover as a hinge which are screwed upon so only visible when open.
These are only some of the more common methods of book binding that exist, if you research further you can find more and mpre methods online. I personally researched these methods from studentbookbinding and looked further to find illustrations to guide each style.